Today’s Art (31st March 2020)

Well, due to being in a rush, today’s artwork is a super-quick piece of digital art that – for some bizarre reason – had a vaguely Shakespearean/Elizabethan kind of atmosphere.

As usual, this picture is released under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND licence.

“Cottage” By C. A. Brown

Top Ten Articles – March 2020

Well, it’s the end of the month and this means that it’s time for me to compile a list of links to the ten best articles about writing, reading, making art etc… that I’ve posted here over the past month (plus a couple of honourable mentions too).

All in all, this month’s articles turned out fairly well although, like with a couple of previous months, I’ve had to rely on my pre-made article buffer more than usual (due to a number of time-based reasons) and this month’s daily articles probably took about a month and a half to actually write. Seriously, if you’re running a blog, then try to make as large of a pre-written “buffer” as you can during the times when you have more time – it really does come in handy sometimes 🙂

In terms of reviews – apart from the usual “Doom II” WAD review, I didn’t review any computer games this month (I’d planned to finish and review either “Braid” and/or “Cosmo’s Cosmic Adventure”, but got distracted by playing “Devil Daggers” again).

On the plus side, I ended up reviewing fourteen novels this month 🙂 My favourites were probably: “Cold Warriors” by Rebecca Levene, “A Closed And Common Orbit” by Becky Chambers, “Tangled Up In Blue” by Joan D. Vinge, “Area 7” by Matthew Reilly and “Pandora” by Anne Rice.

Anyway, here are the lists 🙂 Enjoy 🙂

Top Ten Articles – March 2020:

– “Four More Reasons To Read Older Novels
– “Four Sneaky Tricks That Thriller Authors Use To Make Their Stories More Gripping
– “Three Reasons Why Gruesome Horror Fiction Isn’t Scary
– “Three Tips For Blending The Horror And Thriller Genres
– “Three Cool Things That Only Novels Can Do
– “Do Thriller Novels Have To Be Fast-Paced? – A Ramble
– “Three Random Tips For Getting Into Reading Novels
– “Three Thoughts About Writing Sequels
– “Why Making ‘Tech Demo’ Paintings Can Make You Feel Inspired Again – A Ramble
– “Three Thoughts About ‘Life Story’-Style First-Person Narration

Honourable mentions:

– “Three Quick Thoughts About How Long A Novel Takes To Read
– “Why Sanitised Violence Ruins The Thriller Genre – A Ramble

Three Tips For Finding Novels That You’ll Enjoy Reading

Well, ever since I got back into reading regularly over a year ago, one of the rules I’ve set myself is to only read books that I actually enjoy.

Aside from the fact that reading is meant to be fun, one of the initial reasons for this was that I was terrified that I’d lose interest in reading if I tried to force myself to read books that didn’t make me actually want to read more of them. So, I got reasonably good at finding novels that I knew I’d enjoy reading (hence why there aren’t any one or two star book reviews on this site). And I thought that I’d share a few tips to help you find books that you will enjoy.

1) Know yourself: In order to find books that you’ll enjoy, you have to know what you enjoy. This sounds really obvious, but it is the most important thing you’ll need to do if you want to find enjoyable books. If you’re new to reading novels, then the best way to work out what books you’ll enjoy is to just look at what genres of films and TV shows you enjoy. There will be books in those genres too. Lots of them.

Genre is a great starting point for finding enjoyable books. For example, most of the books I review on here tend to fit into the sci-fi, horror, thriller, detective, historical and/or urban fantasy genres. By mostly sticking to these six genres that I enjoy, I’ve streamlined the process of finding enjoyable books quite a bit.

Plus, the more you read, the more details you learn about what you do and don’t enjoy in fiction – eg: styles of narration, sub-genres, emotional tone, story concepts, types of pacing etc… So, even if you occasionally stumble across a book that you don’t enjoy (and it’ll happen occasionally), then it will still help you to find books that you do enjoy, by letting you get to know yourself better. Speaking of which….

2) Abandon books you don’t enjoy!: You are under no obligation to finish every novel that you start reading. If a book seems to have no redeeming qualities, if it seriously annoys you, if it feels like a chore to read or if you find yourself regretting ever picking it up, then ditch it and find a better book!

There is nothing wrong with doing this. It is a good thing to do. Not only will you have saved yourself the time you’d have wasted with that book (which you can use to read a better book), but it’ll also teach you what to avoid in future and will also help to preserve your love of reading too. After all, you are the only person who can motivate yourself to read. This isn’t school, college or university – where you have to read a list of set texts. This is reading for fun. So, have fun.

If you started watching a TV series that you didn’t like, you’d change channel or choose another boxset after an episode or two. It’s no different with books. Seriously, one of the best ways to find enjoyable books is to get totally comfortable with the idea of ditching books that you don’t enjoy. Being able to just put them aside without a second thought, to work out why you didn’t enjoy them and then go off in search for another book that doesn’t make this mistake will result in a much better reading experience and a much higher ratio of enjoyable books to non-enjoyable books.

If it makes you feel better about doing this, then think of it as literary self-defence. By ditching books you don’t enjoy, you are protecting your enjoyment of reading.

3) Try new authors: If you’ve only got a couple of favourite authors, it can be easy to think that their books are the only good ones out there. This isn’t true. There are so many good books and authors out there that you’ll never actually be able to read all of them even if you tried. However, you probably haven’t even heard of most of them. So, how do you discover them?

Well, one way is to set yourself rules that push you to find new authors (and to keep your favourite ones interesting). When I got back into reading regularly a year or two, I started by binge-reading thriller novels by Clive Cussler. I really enjoyed these books. And I read about seven or eight of them in a single fortnight. By the end of this, I just couldn’t read another one. I’d seen so many of them so quickly that I’d become bored by them.

So, to prevent this from happening with my other favourite authors, I set myself a rule that every book I read had to be written by a different author to the previous book I’d read. This pushed me to actively look for authors I hadn’t read before. And, being on the lookout for new authors (rather than just sticking with a few that you know) is one of the best ways to discover loads of brilliant books.

Although this rule was a bit of a challenge to follow at first, it led to me discovering loads of amazing authors. My list of favourite authors increased quite a bit over the space of a year or so.

If I hadn’t set myself this rule, I wouldn’t have enjoyed awesome novels by Jodi Taylor, Jack O’ Connell, Tade Thompson, Alice Hoffman, Joe Haldemann, Becky Chambers, Weston Ochse, Sarah Lotz, Jocelynn Drake, Gary Brandner, Rebecca Levene, Jonathan Maberry, S.J. Parris, Neal Stephenson, Dana Fredsti, Robert Brockway, Joan D. Vinge, Dashiell Hammett, Tess Gerritsen etc…

So, if you’re stuck and can’t find a book that you enjoy, then it might be worth taking a look at authors that you’ve never heard of before. [Edit: Like with the article a few days ago, I prepared the first draft of this one several months ago. And, as such, I’ve now removed an exhortation to visit bookshops, libraries etc… since this is NOT a good idea, given the current pandemic. Sorry about this pre-publication change. Anyway, here’s the rest of this sentence…]… and you might end up finding a new favourite author (or ten) that you didn’t even know existed.


Anyway, I hope that this was useful 🙂

Review: “The Affair” By Lee Child (Novel)

Well, although I’d planned to review another hardboiled sci-fi novel next, the one I’d chosen didn’t seem to be anywhere near as good as I’d hoped it would be – and I ended up abandoning it after about ten pages. So, I needed to read another novel, a better novel. Quick!

And, since I was still in the mood for thriller fiction, I thought that it’d be the perfect time to take a look at one of the few Lee Child novels I hadn’t read before. I am, of course, talking about Lee Child’s 2011 novel “The Affair” (which I’ve been meaning to read ever since a family member gave me a copy of it several years ago).

Although this novel is both a prequel and part of a large series, it is – like almost every Lee Child novel – designed be read as a stand-alone novel. So, you can enjoy it if you haven’t read any other “Jack Reacher” novels before this one. But, if you have, then there might be a few familiar names and references that you’ll enjoy.

So, let’s take a look at “The Affair”. Needless to say, this review may contain some SPOILERS.

This is the 2011 Bantam (UK) paperback edition of “The Affair” that I read.

The novel begins on the 11th March 1997, with a US military policeman called Jack Reacher arriving at the Pentagon for a meeting with a colonel called Frazer. As he goes through security, he expects to be arrested. No-one arrests him. But, as he heads towards Frazer’s office, he’s certain that there is a team of people following him. He has expected something like this. But, no-one follows him and he arrives at the office ten minutes late. Frazer asks Reacher for the name of the suspect he has found.

Reacher says that he has nothing. That the meeting was nothing but an elaborate ruse to draw the culprit out into the open. That he’d hoped someone would have tried to make a move against him before he arrived. Frazer asks if he’s a suspect. Reacher lies about the answer. Frazer laughs and points out that Reacher looks a bit dishevelled. Reacher says that he is supposed to look like this.

Then we flash back to five days earlier. Reacher has been summoned by his CO, Leon Garber, who criticises him for not meeting uniform regulations before pointing out that his scruffy hair is probably a good thing. A woman called Janice May Chapman has been murdered in a small town in Mississipi called Carter Crossing, a small town with a large army ranger base nearby. Although Reacher expects to be lead investigator on the case, the job goes to another officer called Munro.

Reacher’s role in the case is to enter the town undercover and keep tabs on the local police, in the hope of pre-empting or averting any kind of army-related scandal before it happens. So, he hitchhikes to the town, but the local sheriff – Elizabeth Devereaux – is a former military police officer and guesses why he’s there shortly after meeting him. Still, with only two deputies – and no trained detectives- in the town, she reluctantly agrees to let him help her investigate the case…

One of the first things that I will say about this novel is that this is a really compelling historical detective novel, with some thriller elements too. In other words, it’s probably closer in style to one of the more understated modern Reacher novels, like “The Midnight Line“, rather than the older novels in the series. And, as long as you don’t expect an action-fest or anything like that, then there’s a rather gripping mystery to be enjoyed here.

So, I’ll start by talking about the novel’s detective elements. This novel is a bit like a blend between a thriller, a police procedural and a hardboiled novel. Not only does the case quickly expand in size and scope, but there are a good variety of investigative elements too – including examining physical evidence, making deductions from clues, interviewing people and coming up with several clever ruses and schemes to catch the criminal.

In addition to one or two smaller side-mysteries, another thing that really helps to keep the story’s detective elements compelling is the fact that – right up until the late parts of the book – the reader is never entirely sure which one of the two main suspects are guilty, thanks to lots of red herrings and contradictory pieces of evidence (all of which are, of course, explained later). So, it’s one of those stories that will keep you guessing 🙂

Plus, there are also a few hardboiled elements too. Whether it is a clever twist on the idea of a “femme fatale” character, the fact that Reacher is a semi-official investigator (who is breaking orders and technically doesn’t have jurisdiction) or the fact that – instead of arresting anyone – he unflinchingly metes out rough justice to anyone he finds to be guilty of a serious crime, this novel definitely takes a few hints from the classic American crime fiction of the 1920s-50s. Even so, it isn’t really a “film noir” story.

As for the novel’s thriller elements, they’re fairly compelling too 🙂 In addition to a larger-scale sub-plot about Reacher trying to deal with a possible military cover-up, the novel also includes quite a few suspenseful moments and even a couple of fight scenes too. Still, this novel is more of a traditional-style crime/suspense thriller than the kind of action-thriller novel you’d traditionally expect from Lee Child. But, thanks to things like shorter chapters and a fast-paced writing style, this novel moves along as quickly as you’d expect from a modern thriller novel 🙂

The novel’s historical elements are a bit of a mixed bag though. When they are at their best, they reminded me of other modern 1990s-based crime/suspense novels (such as Laura Lippman’s excellent “Sunburn) which keep their 1990s setting fairly understated – with only the absence of things like smartphones etc.. – helping to create the historical atmosphere. This helps to lend the story a feeling of realism, in addition to allowing for more suspense too (thanks to the lack of modern technology etc…).

However, unlike many modern 1990s-set novels, there are a few moments where Reacher “breaks the fourth wall” and talks directly about the 1990s in the past tense, as if he was re-telling the story in the present day. Although these moments help to clarify the historical setting, they will probably break your immersion in the story slightly at the same time. Yes, the idea of an older Reacher reminiscing about his younger days is an interesting narrative device, but this puts a certain amount of distance between the reader and the story.

As for the characters, they’re really good 🙂 Although you shouldn’t expect ultra-deep characterisation, there is enough here to make you care about the characters. Not only is it really interesting to see a slightly younger version of Reacher (and one or two other long-running characters too), but Elizabeth is also a fairly complex and interesting character too.

The relationship between Reacher and Elizabeth is quite well-handled, and it manages to be both realistic and stylised at the same time (not to mention that, for a Reacher novel, it is probably one of the steamier books in the series too). Plus, the US military – with all of it’s foibles, rivalries, contradictions and complexities – is also pretty much a main character in this novel too.

In terms of the writing, it is really good too 🙂 Like with a couple of other Reacher novels, this one is written from a first-person perspective – which allows for a bit of extra characterisation and suspense. And, although Reacher’s occasional asides about the 1990s can be a little immersion-breaking, I cannot fault the actual writing itself. If you’ve ever read a Lee Child novel, then you’ll know that he’s an expert at writing fast-paced, precisely-engineered and streamlined narration that is kind of like a modern version of the hardboiled fiction of the 1920s-50s, and this novel is no exception 🙂

As for length and pacing, this novel is fairly good. The edition I read (which had slightly larger pages) was 427 pages long, and this length seemed to be a good fit for the story. Although this isn’t the fastest-paced Reacher novel I’ve read, the story still moves along at a fairly decent pace – with lots of well-placed plot twists, mini-cliffhangers and suspenseful moments that help to keep everything compelling. Another cool thing about this novel’s pacing is the TV-style “cold open” scene, which adds instant intrigue to the story by giving the reader a tantalising glimpse of events that happen about three-quarters of the way through the novel.

All in all, this is a really good detective novel that also contains some gripping thriller elements too. Although I’d have liked to have seen more of an action-thriller story, this novel was still very enjoyable to read – with a (mostly) well-handled historical setting and a good mixture between investigation and suspense.

If I had to give it a rating out of five, it would get a four.

Two Basic And Random Digital Art Tips

Well, it’s been a while since I last wrote an art-based article, so I thought that I’d talk about making digital art today.

Since “digital art” is a fairly wide category of art, I’ll be writing this article in a fairly general way that will hopefully apply to whatever image editing program you choose to use for your digital art – whether it is an expensive subscription-based one, the default art programs that came with your computer or even an open-source one you can legally download for free.

1) Realistic colours: One of the reasons why digital art can sometimes look amateurish or unrealistic is because the artist has just used the basic default colour palette that came with their program. However, almost every image editing program (even old versions of MS Paint) will also allow you to create custom colours using a colour board – like this:

Four windows of varying sizes, each showing a square or rectangular area containing every possible colour.

These are four examples (including old, new, free and commercial) of a useful feature that almost every image editing program has.

But, one of the best ways to get truly realistic colours is to use your image editor’s colour selection tool. Sometimes this is called “color picker” or “pick color” or a number of other names, but the icon for it in most programs usually looks like a pipette or a dropper. It allows you to set your brush colour to the exact colour of the pixel you click on with it.

This allows you to directly sample actual realistic colours (and, if you aren’t experienced at making art, then it might surprise you that the actual colours of things are subtly different to what you’d expect) from things like photographs, resulting in much more realistic-looking digital art, like this:

An impressionistic digital airbrush painting of dramatic grey clouds above the sea, with a long and thin silhouetted island on the horizon.

This is a reduced-size preview, the full picture will be posted here on the 30th May.

In this digital painting, I made the colours look realistic by using GIMP 2.10’s “colour picker tool” to get some colours from a photo I had taken of the same scene before I prepared the painting. And, although I only sampled about five or six colours from this photo:

A photo of dramatic grey clouds above the sea, with a long and thin island on the horizon.

This is the photo I took several months ago (of the coast at Haslar) before making the digital art.

It resulted in a slightly more realistic-looking piece of digital art when I tried to recreate it a little bit later. So, whatever this tool might look like or be called in your editing program, be sure to experiment with it.

2) Multiple ways of doing things: This is a lot more useful if you’re adding digital elements to traditional art than if you’re just making digital-only art, but it is worth remembering that there are usually multiple ways of doing the same thing in image editing programs – and the most obvious one isn’t always the simplest or best way. So, don’t be afraid to experiment.

For example some editing programs (like GIMP 2.8, 2.10 etc…) include digital lighting effects – where you can add a light source and it will affect the whole image. This can be useful, but a much simpler way to add things like bloom effects to light sources is simply to use a large digital airbrush – of the same colour as the light – in the area around the light sources, like in this (heavily) digitally-edited watercolour painting of mine:

“Dereliction Heights” By C. A. Brown

Another advantage I found with using digital airbrushes to add lighting is that it allows me to much more easily control the amount of light and/or bloom, and allows for multiple light sources in the same image whilst maintaining the clarity of the rest of the picture (which can become washed out or faded if you apply a digital lighting effect to the whole image).

Likewise, when I was going through a 1990s nostalgia phase a couple of years ago, I wanted to add the types of floral patterns that used to be common back then to my art. Originally, this either involved lots of scribbling and painting (with traditional art supplies) or it involved lots of crude airbrushing in MS Paint. But, when messing around with the options on an awesome late 1990s program called “Jasc Paint Shop Pro 6”, I found that by selecting an area and using the “Add Noise” effect before using the “Glowing Edges” effect, I could create something similar to a retro 1990s floral pattern in a fraction of the time:

An image of lots of multicoloured dots that look a bit like a small floral pattern from the 1990s.

Like this.

To give another example, if you want to convert a colour image into a greyscale one, then most programs will have an option for doing this. But, you can also do this yourself by finding the saturation options in your editing program (it’s usually called something like “Hue/Colour/Saturation” or “Hue/Saturation” in the menu) and just lowering the saturation to zero. Yes, this is a little bit more long-winded, but it’ll come in handy for the times when – for example – you only want to convert part of a picture to greyscale etc…

Anyway, the point of these examples is that there are usually multiple ways of doing the thing that you want to do. Whether it involves using a part of the program in a different way to what it was intended for or whether it involves combining several effects in one or more programs, you can not only speed up the artistic process a bit – but also do things that the program doesn’t have a simple one-click option for. So, be sure to experiment and mess around with whatever program you are using.


Anyway, I hope that this was useful 🙂

Review: “Tangled Up In Blue” by Joan D. Vinge (Novel)

Well, after planning to read three other books and then abandoning each of them after a couple of pages for different reasons, I needed to find something to read. And, when looking through one of my book piles, I stumbled across the second-hand copy of Joan D. Vinge’s 2000 novel “Tangled Up In Blue” that I bought shortly after reading Vinge’s “World’s End” and then somehow forgot about.

Interestingly, although this novel is part of Vinge’s “Snow Queen” series, it can be read as a stand-alone story. Still, if you’ve read any of the other novels (and I’ve only read “World’s End”), then you’ll notice a few familiar characters, background elements, places etc…

So, let’s take a look at “Tangled Up In Blue”. Needless to say, this review may contain some SPOILERS.

This is the 2000 Tor (US) hardback edition of “Tangled Up In Blue” that I read.

On the planet Tiamat, two Hegemonic police officers – Nyx LaisTree and his half-brother Staun LaisNion – are just finishing their shift, when they are accosted by a rather uptight “by the book” technican called BZ Gundhalinu who wants them to go to the royal palace for guard duty at a party held by the Snow Queen, celebrating a sucessful hunt of sea-creatures called mers that are used in a longevity serum available only to the ultra-rich.

After the guard duty, the cops go out drinking before slipping away to visit a warehouse. As part of the uneasy relationship between Tiamat’s monarchy and the Hegemony, Tiamat natives are not permitted to own advanced technology. Of course, smuggling is rampant and the Queen uses her political influence to keep it that way. So, both Nyx and Staun are members of an unofficial vigilante group who breaks into smugglers’ warehouses and smashes up the illicit technology.

But, during this latest raid, they stumble across a group of armed men who kill most of them. Barely alive, Nyx recognises one of the men as a fellow police officer. But, before the man can kill Nyx, he is distracted by a commotion. Gundhalinu, having picked up something suspicious on the police frequencies has shown up at the warehouse with his superior officer, Jerusha, to investigate the illegal vigilante activity. Soon, they both get involved in a frantic fight with the mysterious armed cops.

In the aftermath, Nyx is interrogated by a cruel internal affairs officer called Jashari before being suddenly released from hospital and suspended from duty. Racked with grief by his brother’s death and suffering from partial amnesia about the events in the warehouse, he decides to go out and get some answers and some revenge. Meanwhile, Gundhalinu begins to investigate unofficially until he is called in by Chief Aranne and told that Nyx is under suspicion of stealing a valuable artefact and that Gundhalinu will be responsible for following him and finding out more…

One of the first things that I will say about this novel is that it was much more of a thriller than I’d initially expected 🙂 Not only does it have all of the atmosphere that you’d expect from a novel in this series, but it’s also a reasonably-paced gritty film noir-influenced police thriller too. It is also a really cool blend of the sci-fi and fantasy genres too – think “Blade Runner” meets “Game Of Thrones” 🙂 Seriously, this is one of those books that just gets better and better as it goes along.

So, I should start by talking about the novel’s thriller elements. It’s slightly more of a traditional-style thriller, with a really good blend of suspense, mystery, mini-cliffhangers, secret societies, political/criminal scheming, spy stuff and a couple of dramatic combat sequences too. Although you shouldn’t expect an ultra-fast paced action-thriller novel, this novel reads a bit like a cross between a more focused harboiled “film noir” novel, a gritty drama novel and a vaguely “Game Of Thrones”-style political intrigue thriller 🙂

The novel’s “film noir” elements are interesting too, with the story including the kind of complicated web of criminal intrigue that you’d expect from the genre, not to mention a grizzled detective protagonist (who has been suspended from duty and wants both answers and revenge), a certain level of moral ambiguity, a “Maltese Falcon“-style focus on several people trying to get hold of something, grim/gritty depictions of violence and a complicated love interest character (Devony).

Yet, at the same time, this novel feels a bit more focused than most classic 1920s-50s hardboiled crime novels do, with the story having enough complexity to fit into the genre without ever really becoming confusing (if you’re paying attention). Plus, it also includes a few elements from the buddy cop genre too, which are handled really well 🙂

Not only that, this novel is also at least slightly evocative of “Blade Runner“, whilst also being it’s own thing too 🙂 In addition to the noir elements and the gritty futuristic police-based drama, one of the coolest ways that this novel riffs on “Blade Runner” is probably how the novel’s setting is this wonderfully atmospheric mixture of fantasy-genre style ancient buildings and futuristic tech. Although this gives the novel it’s own unique atmosphere, it’s also a really cool and creative homage to the “used future” elements of “Blade Runner” too 🙂

In terms of the novel’s sci-fi elements, they’re really brilliant 🙂 In addition to lots of backstory and vivid worldbuilding that is delivered in a relatively concise way, the novel’s futuristic technology is both a background thing and a central part of both the story’s main plot and the political drama sub-plot in the background. In short, this novel is as much about not having technology as it is about all of the cool things that technology can do. A lot of the novel’s background revolves around people being motivated by being denied technology for one reason or another (eg: political policy, history etc…).

Plus, although this novel is more sci-fi than fantasy, one of the cool things about it is how it blends both genres. In short, it is a sci-fi story that is set in a fantasy-influenced world, where things like monarchies, traditions, feudalism etc… still play a role. Not only is this reflected in the story’s slightly fantasy-influenced setting, but also in the novel’s political intrigue elements – which are wonderfully evocative of something like “Game Of Thrones” 🙂

Thematically, this is both a novel about death and also a novel about loyalty and honour too. Both Gunhalinu and Nyx are both mourning the loss of important relatives, and this has an effect on their actions and characters as the story progresses. The novel also focuses on how loyalty and honour can come into conflict with each other (eg: A secret society, a vigilante group, smuggling gangs, Devony’s torn loyalties, LaisTree’s loyalty to his brother, Gundhalinu’s “by the book” attitudes etc..). This topic is handled in a brilliantly nuanced way, with the story’s eventual conclusion being that the two things aren’t necessarily polar opposites of each other.

In terms of the characters, this novel is superb 🙂 Not only do all of the main characters (Gundhalinu, Nyx and Devony) experience a surprising amount of character development as the story progresses, but they also have a level of personal and emotional complexity that really helps to make them feel like realistic, flawed people too 🙂 In addition to all of this, the conflict and contrast between many of the characters is also a major source of drama and depth for the story too 🙂

As for the writing, it is stellar 🙂 This novel’s third-person narration is a lot more focused, faster, slightly more informal and more “matter of fact” than the formal narration in Vinge’s “World’s End” was, but without losing any of the atmosphere or depth that you’d expect from this series 🙂 This more focused narration is evocative of the hardboiled crime genre, but never turns into just a typical Chandler/Hammett pastiche. In other words, this novel has it’s own distinctive narrative style 🙂

As for length and pacing, this novel is better than I’d expected 🙂 At an efficient 235 pages in the hardback edition, it never really feels like a page is wasted. Likewise, thanks to both the thriller-style structure and the slightly more “matter of fact” writing style, this novel feels a lot more energetic and faster-paced than “World’s End” did 🙂

All in all, this was an even better novel than I’d expected 🙂 Not only is it a cool and creative blend of the sci-fi, film noir and fantasy genres, but it was also much more of a thriller than I’d expected 🙂 If you like films like “Blade Runner” or just want an imaginative thriller that also includes depth, atmosphere and interesting characters, then this one is well worth reading 🙂

If I had to give it a rating out of five, it would get a five.